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How to Set Up Your Home Recording Studio – Essentials

How to set up your home recording studio

Thinking that setting up a home studio for music is a huge project?

You might be thinking that building a home recording studio will require huge capital, abundant time, research, planning, and preparation. You are not alone to think the same way, but most of the people are thinking the same as you. However, the truth is quite different and you will be amazed to know that setting up a studio at home is not a difficult task these days.

All you need is to put some effort and you need to have some money to buy a few things. You can have a perfect studio right in your home but you need to keep up your motivation. You don’t need to be overwhelmed, quit building studio, or get discouraged when facing any difficulty, unlike you do when working with other hobbies. This is because setting a home studio would really require you to do much of work.

Essentials of the Home Studio

The following are the essentials to have at home when planning to build up a studio.

  • Computer

  • Studio Monitors

  • Audio Interface Combo

  • Cables

  • Mic Stand

  • Microphones

  • Ear training software

  • Pop filter

  • Headphones

The following is the detailed elaboration of how to set up a studio at home.

1. Computer

When you are about to build a studio from scratch you need to have a computer for music production. This can be the biggest expense you may encounter. For an ideal studio, you would require the fastest computer available for you. But you can have your computer smart enough virtually by the use of certain software and using some tricks.

Moreover, the common computers are also not too slow until they are the Pentium or first generation computers. Therefore, you must make the use of your existing computer so that you may not spend money in excess to buy a new one. Instead, you can use the money to buy few extra things for your home studio. Ideally, you may have a Mac Book Pro as your computer.

2. Audio Interface

You may not be aware of the Audio Interface which is linked with your DAW. In case if you really don’t know then DAW (Digital Audio Workstation) is the software which is used for the recording, mixing, and editing the music on the computer. Whereas the audio interface is in the form of the hardware which is being used for the connection of the computer with the rest of your studio gear.

Both DAW and the audio interface may be bought separately while you can have both at the same time as well. Both DAW and audio interface are also available in the form of a combo or “bundle” packs at different stores. The combo version is highly recommended because it has one item less and you can save some money as well. The combo version is also guaranteeing you to have the compatibility along with the technical support.

There are two companies which offer the combo version of DAW and the audio interface i.e. Presonus and Avid. The Presonus is also offering a free copy of the studio artist which has interfaces such as PresonusAudiobox 44VSL, PresonusAudiobox USB, and PresonusAudiobox 22VSL. Whereas the Avid is offering a free copy of the pro tools with interfaces such as pro tools Quartet and pro tools duet.

3. The Microphones

When building your home studio, as it gets mature you would require microphones for recording as well. You would require dozens of microphones of different specifications each having a different purpose.

But being a beginner in the studio you would require at least 2 or 3 microphones. The microphones that you choose will be dependent on the instruments that you are planning to record. This is because most of the people are recording vocals.

The following are some of the different microphones for different purposes.

  • Rode NTIA: These microphones are recommended for those who are into the recording of vocals such as classical music.
  • AKG P170: Such microphones are recommended for the recording of high-frequency instruments, for instance, piano, guitar, cymbals etc.
  • Shure SM57: Such microphones are best for recording low-frequency instruments, kick drums, and bass guitars.

Whichever microphone you choose in the above or any other microphone, one thing is clear that you must consider your budget and necessities. For instance, if you don’t need to record any heavy instruments, then you must go for the low-frequency microphones.

4. Headphones

You would require some studio headphones when you are to the stage to start up recording yourself. You would require a pair of headphone in the beginning. You will be requiring one closed back headphones which will serve as the purpose of optimal isolation and the open back headphones which will serve the optimal best sound quality. Some of the classic headphones that you may have are Sony MDR 7506 and Sennheiser HD 280 headphones.

5. Monitors

Where it is a fact that in most of the home studios the mixing process is acquired through the open back headphones. However, the traditional way of mixing is through the speakers and for this you would require monitors known as the studio monitors.

When these compared to the consumer speakers are having certain virtual enhancements and these are having flatter frequency response providing neutral uncolored voice or sound quality. The best example to have the monitors is of KRK Rokit 5 G3.

Also see: Best Affordable Studio Monitors

6. Cables

Cables are the necessity of the home studios. When your home studios will get mature, you would require abundant cables for different purposes. However, during startup, you would require only three cables for different purposes.

One long XLR cable for the connection of mic and the two short cables for the connection with the monitor. For a standard home studio, you can have Mogami Silver XLR in 25 feet length and Mogami Silver XLR in 6 feet length.

7. Stand for Mic / Mic Stand

Numerous of the beginners are assuming that mic stands are all the same but the reality is quite different. The mic stand is one of the keen investments that you may do while setting up a home studio.

The mice stands are often very costly and you need to have tight budgets to afford any. One of the classic examples of the mic stand is DR Pro boom which is too famous in the home studios.

8. The Pop Filters

When you are recording some of the mysterious sounds are also getting recorded along with the original sounds. The pop filers are actually the secretive mesh screens which are covering the microphone when recording sounds.

The basic purpose of the pop filters is to filter the unpleasant artifact in the sounds which are known as the popping. The pop filters are usually of lower frequencies which are filtering the sounds to an optimum value. The best example of the pop filters is Stedman Pro screen XL.

9. Ear Training Software

The ear training software is the typical essentials of the home studios. The software is not in the items which are included in the home studios over the internet. But the training software is very important for you to have!

When talking about the technicalities of the home studios, you will not require the ear training software but it has numerous benefits to its name. One of the basic benefits is it makes a difference when you are hearing sounds in your ears.

One of the basic benefits is it makes a difference when you are hearing sounds in your ears. Not all people have good ears like musicians, therefore the ear training software would increase the worth of your home studio. I recommend you to try SoundGym, an online game-based website for audio ear training for music producers and sound engineers.

I hope these tips will help if you think about building your own studio at home. Please share this post if you enjoyed it!

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