As you know, in these days everything is recorded directly onto your computer’s hard drive. We start assuming that you already have a computer – desktop or laptop, it does not matter, though laptop gives you more freedom of movement. Now you need the following:
- Recording Software
- A microphone
- A microphone stand
- A pop filter
- An audio interface
- Optionally, you can add a microphone preamplifier, compressor, etc..
Why do I need an audio interface?
Most computers today come with a built-in sound card. In this way you can connect the computer speakers, headphones and even a microphone. Although on-board sound cards may be enough for listening to music, the lack of the quality components or connectors will not help you if you need for professional recordings. If you want high qualitu and a better sound, you must have a dedicated audio board. What a dedicated audio board do? First, it allows you to connect microphones, instruments and equipment that give signal line. Then converts the received analog signal to digital and sends it to the computer. Finally, when you play music, audio from the computer converts the digital signal to an analog signal that can be heard in speakers, monitors or headphones.
After a short search on the net or a walk to the audio shop, you realize that there are many types of audio interfaces from which you can choose. Maybe you will ask the following questions:
- How many inputs and outputs do I need?
- What is the difference between USB and FireWire?
- Why some interfaces sound better while others do not sound quite so good?
- What is a good preamp?
- What’s up with the sample rate different sites?
A reasonable quality interface can now be yours for well under £200/$250.
Portable audio interfaces are far more practical.
If you have one of these sound cards, I can tell you’re on the good track to build a great mini studio.
If you already have an audio interface, you need a software for recording and editing audio. Check the list bellow for some of the popular audio editing and recording programs:
- Reaper (on of the most affordable music software)
- Acoustica Basic Edition
- AVS Audio Editor
- Acid Music Studio
- Adobe Audition
Now comes a very important piece for your recording home studio, the microphone.
I make a list for you to look at some of the best 4 mics under 200$ with will fit perfectly for your home studio.
- Shure Beta 52A
- AKG Perception 420
- Neumann TLM 102
These microphones are affordable but are not necessarily cheap.
Also, you will need a microphone stand and a pop filter. A Pop Filter is an anti-pop noise protection filter for microphones, typically used in a recording studio.
Always you must record vocals or instruments in MONO(NO STEREO). A stereo track is wasteful of space on the hard drive and makes problems when to add effects or make the final mix.
And to not forget about the speakers. Check here Best Affordable Active Monitor Speakers.
I hope these tips will help you to purchase the best tools so you can make your home studio and enjoy to make music.
Read more: Get Started With Your Home Studio